Nitric Oxide Synthase
to as Nitrous Oxide, is an oxidizer that is used to increase performance in internal
combustion engines. Nitrous, as it is refered to in the racing community increases
an engines output by letting more fuel (gasoline, alcohol) to be burned in the
combustion process. When N2O is decomposed it allows oxygen levels to reach 33%
which is 12% higher than normal atmospheric conditions. It is typically stored
in a tank or tanks, and due to it's low boiling point it rapidly vaporizes when
released in the atmosphere.
.....When forced into a internal combustion engine it causes intake
tempertures to drop which inturn increases volumetric efficiency. N2O releases
it's oxygen molecules from
the nitrogen molecules during the combustion phase
to increase overall power output. Soem system are design to increase overall horsepower
number from as little as 35 hp, all the way up to
are different types of nitrous oxide delivery systems.
Wet N2O systems are describe as both fuel and nitrous being added to the intake
manifold causing the intake to be "wet".
N2O system are defined as extra amounts of fuel to be added into the intake plumbing
by the primary source for fuel delivery.
(i.e) fuel injectors.
These systems add fuel and nitrous to each intake runner to more
accurately feed each cylinder, which inturn allows the user to
measure cylinder output.
.....As with all power adders, their is a risk
of damage to the internals of an engine due to the large amounts of forces being
applied. N2O has a history of grenading engines either bacause of a weak link
(i.e) pistons, connecting rods, crankshaft, or improper fuel delivery.
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